Written by Daisy Osborne
Radiant skin that is clear of congestion is a sign of good health. Although genes and diet are key players in the skin’s appearance, an attentive skincare regime will keep it looking smooth and youthful, so you won’t feel the need to cover it up.
Your skin is the largest organ in your body and works continuously under all the pollution, grease and make up. Its purpose is to create a protective shield against external factors, eliminate waste through pores, touch sensation, heat regulation, vitamin D production and UV protection- to name a few.
The Skin is made of 3 main layers. Starting from the top is the Epidermis. Hardened keratinised cells called Keratinocytes form a tough, protective and water repelling layer. Moisturisers are vital to create a barrier and help protect this outer layer from pollution and free radicals. It takes the cells up to a month to renew from the Basal layer the deepest part of the Epidermis. Shedding slows due to aging so it is important to ensure frequent cleansing and exfoliation to stop skin looking dull and tired. As the surface of the skin is acidic, acid toners are ideal for removing dead skin cells whilst lowering the skins PH. If you are a novice to acids start gently and slowly, build depending on your skin’s response. Melanin production also occurs in the Basal layer. They provide UV protection and give skin its pigmentation. A small amount of sun exposure (approximately 15 minutes a day) is good for vitamin D production however most of the wrinkles you get in your 50’s is caused by sun damage from your 20’s… so SPF 30+ is a daily must.
The next, thicker layer is the Dermis consisting of nerves, oil glands, hair follicles and blood vessels. Connective tissues are formed around these are made from Collagen (a protein responsible for plumpness) and Elastin (a protein responsible shape retention). As Elastin production declines skin will begin to sag and loss of collagen will cause skin to become sallow. After a certain point reproduction of both cannot reoccur naturally but treatments such as Botox, fillers and radio frequency have noticeable results. OfCourse they come at a much higher price tag. Hyaluronic acid is a fatty acid found within the cells of connective tissue that hydrate and repair the skins surface. A hyaluronic serum will help to keep the bounce by retaining oil and water.
The final layer known as The Subcutaneous tissue is the layer between your muscles and skin responsible for insulation. As it thins cellulite and veins become more prominent. Laser treatments and massage may help temporarily but experts suggest that staying hydrated and frequent exercise pays dividends.
Understanding the foundation of your face will allow you to determine what products really do work and what you can do to help it. Show love to the skin you’re in by following these preventative tips for aging:
- Avoid cigarettes
- Get enough restorative sleep
- Drink lots of water
- Eat a balanced diet full of veggies
- Limit stress
- Wash your face
- Use a SPF 30 +
- Use quality products